2nd December 2020
Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Casado
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Sánchez seeks ‘unity’ for Spain’s recovery plan – yet PP refuse alongside ‘radicals’

Latest: Coronavirus in Spain figures (28 Sept)

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez called for ‘unity of action’ and an end to ‘party squabbling’ as a battle front against the Coronavirus pandemic that ‘does not distinguish between ideologies’, during a speech he delivered to business leaders in Madrid last Monday.

But then following a meeting in Moncloa on Wednesday that Sánchez held with Pablo Casado – the leader of the right-wing People’s Party (PP) and the main opposition party in Spain – Casado remained adamant that he would not do a deal with the Spanish government on the forthcoming budget, as long as the PSOE continues to govern with the Unidas Podemos group.

‘We will lend support,’ tweeted Casado (see below), after the meeting, ‘if the other does not support radicals.’

Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Casado
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez greets Pablo Casado, leed of the People’s Party (PP), for a meeting at Moncloa on 2 September 2020. (Pool Moncloa / Borja Puig de la Bellacasa)

Sánchez, leader of the PSOE socialist party, currently heads a coalition government in Spain with left-wing Unidas Podemos, led by Pablo Iglesias. Together they have 155 seats in the 350-seat chamber, 120 PSOE and 35 Unidas Podemos – the latter being an alliance between Podemos and the United Left (IU) party. 

Also read (31/12/19): Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Iglesias set out coalition agreement

In his ‘National Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan’ speech at the Casa de América in Madrid last Monday, Sánchez had called for unity, as well as social and territorial cohesion, to overcome the crisis caused by Coronavirus. 

It follows on from his previous appeals for a cross-party ‘Moncloa Pact’ for Spain’s recovery programme from the pandemic.

The original Moncloa Pact of 1977, named after the Spanish prime minister’s official residence, the Moncloa Palace in Madrid, saw political parties, the business community and trade unions agree on a plan to solve Spain’s economic problems and help its transition from a dictatorship under Franco to a modern democracy.

Also read (20/4/20): Pedro Sánchez seeks cross-party ‘Moncloa Pact’ for recovery programme

Pedro Sánchez
Pedro Sánchez giving his speech on 31 August 2020. (Pool Moncloa / Borja Puig de la Bellacasa)

‘Spain can do it: recovery, transformation and resilience’ was the title of the speech delivered by Sánchez on Monday to business leaders, representatives from civil associations and trade unions, as well as sectors linked to digitalisation, ecological transition, culture and the third sector.

Sánchez had outlined his vision of Spain in the future and ‘the need for unity and a drive from everyone to ensure the social and economic recovery following the ravages caused by the Covid-19 crisis’.

He said that Spain needed four transformations that were ‘more necessary than ever’ after the outbreak of the global pandemic, that had also hit Spain ‘at a health, social and economic level’.

Also read (21/7/20): EU leaders conclude marathon summit with ‘historic’ rescue package 

The national recovery plan was presented by Sánchez as a roadmap and in response to the challenges facing Spain over the next decade – a plan that will also be presented to Brussels and aims to boost the long-term growth of the Spanish economy at above 2%.

The government’s plan also seeks to speed up the transformations that Spain already needed before the pandemic and that, according to Sánchez, ‘it now needs even more urgently’.

Pedro Sánchez
Pedro Sánchez arriving at the Casa de América in Madrid on 31 August 2020 to give his speech. (Pool Moncloa / Borja Puig de la Bellacasa)

The four areas presented by Sánchez are digital transformation – ‘to boost the capabilities of our citizens and the potential of our companies’ – ecological transition, as well as social and territorial cohesion ‘to close the gaps that cause inequality’.

Also read (2/8/20): Spain’s GDP fell by 18.5% in second quarter, due to Covid-19 lockdown

‘This [the effects of the Coronavirus pandemic] is the greatest challenge in the last 100 years and cannot be faced, and far less overcome, by [just] part of the population, by part of the political class, by part of the economy, or by part of the country,’ said Sánchez.

‘Half of Spain cannot overcome this, with the other half of the country turning its back on it,’ said the prime minister, who also called for party squabbling to be banished in the fight against the virus.

Sánchez appealed for a climate of political stability and unity, something that he recalled ‘does not require anyone to abandon their convictions, or even their preferences’, but rather that ‘must combine these convictions, these preferences for the greater good, which is the recovery of the country’.

Also read (1/9/20): Spain received 75% fewer international tourists in July, compared to 2019

On Wednesday, however, PP leader Pablo Casado spent two hours at Moncloa with Sánchez, and then announced afterwards that his party would not negotiate the forthcoming budget with the government. Nor would it assist in agreeing new appointments that are overdue in Spain’s key institutions, such as the Constitutional Court, the CGPJ legal watchdog, the governing board of the state broadcaster RTVE and the Ombudsman’s Office

The PSOE-Podemos coalition government does not have a working majority in the Spanish Congress and needs support (or abstentions, depending on the matter under debate) from other groups in order to pass legislation – as was clearly shown with the six debates to extend the country’s ‘state of alarm’ until 21 June, initially agreed for just two weeks from 14 March

Government spokeswoman María Jesús Montero accused the PP of ‘going against the Constitution’ and of refusing to recognise the legitimacy of the coalition government.

Also read (10/11/19): General Election results: PSOE win, far-right Vox 3rd largest party, Cs party decimated

Casado, however, claims that the Unidas Podemos group is ‘against the constitutional regime’ of Spain and also drew attention to the fact that it is currently immersed in a court probe regarding alleged irregular financing.

Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Casado
Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Casado at Moncloa on 2 September 2020. (Pool Moncloa / Borja Puig de la Bellacasa)

‘If we are going to negotiate with someone who is calling for the demolition of the Constitution, that is a bad start,’ said Casado about the Unidas Podemos group, after his meeting at Moncloa. ‘If there is a party that is implicated in illegal financing, it is the government that has the problem.’

Recently, following the news that Spain’s former king Juan Carlos I had ‘fled abroad’ to avoid the corruption scandals under investigation the leader of Podemos, Pablo Iglesias had said that, ‘Juan Carlos de Borbón’s flight abroad is an unworthy act of a former Head of State and it leaves the monarchy in a very compromised position. Out of respect for Spanish citizens and democracy, Juan Carlos I should answer for his actions in Spain and to the people.’

Casado tweeted after his midweek meeting with Sánchez to say, ‘After 7 months I meet with Sánchez to reach pacts against Covid. To get the Spaniards out of the tunnel, we will lend support, if the other does not support radicals. I am not one [to say] “no is no” but I have to say “not like that”. The ball is in your court.’

Also read (9/8/20): Political fallout as former king ‘fleeing justice’ puts Spanish monarchy in ‘very compromised position’

Sánchez also met with Inés Arrimadas, the leader of the Ciudadanos (Cs) party, at Moncloa during the week.  

‘We will all be judged for our actions during the pandemic,’ Arrimadas said after the meeting, during which the possibility of her party supporting the budget plan was discussed.

Pedro Sánchez and Inés Arrimadas
Pedro Sánchez and Inés Arrimadas at Moncloa on 2 September 2020. (Pool Moncloa / Borja Puig de la Bellacasa)

By contrast to the leader of the PP, Arrimadas confirmed her ‘firm and real’ commitment to negotiate a ‘moderate, sensible’ budget, one that incorporates the financial help from the EU to deal with the pandemic and ‘that does not contain ideologies contrary to what this country needs.’ She accepted that the Unidas Podemos group would form part of the budget talks. 

Also read (17/2/19): Sánchez ‘rollercoaster’ and Spain’s ‘political instability’

Click here for all previous reports on: Coronavirus in Spain

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