4th December 2023
Oriol Junqueras and Pedro Sánchez
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Supreme Court initiates proceedings to ask EU court about Junqueras immunity

The Spanish Supreme Court has opened the door to asking the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) whether Oriol Junqueras, one of the jailed Catalan pro-independence leaders, should be allowed to become an MEP after winning a seat in May’s European election.

Junqueras, former vice president of Catalonia and leader of the Esquerra Republicana (ERC) party, was not granted permission to leave jail to take the oath of office in Madrid – a formality that prevented him from taking up his seat in the European Parliament.

Junqueras is one of a number of former Catalan government officials and activists currently awaiting a verdict after being tried by the Supreme Court for their part in the failed independence bid in Catalonia in 2017.

ALSO READ: Oriol Junqueras greets Pedro Sánchez at Congress

On Tuesday, the court admitted an appeal from Junqueras’ lawyer to consult the EU high court, establishing a three-day deadline for all parties to present their arguments on whether the enquiry should take place and what it should consist of.

The appeal from Junqueras’ lawyer came after the Supreme Court upheld the prosecutor’s objections to the former vice president leaving jail to attend the ceremony that would allow him to take up his seat in Brussels.

Oriol Junqueras and Pedro Sánchez
Oriol Junqueras shakes hands with Pedro Sánchez in the Spanish Congress on 21 May 2019. (ACN)

The legal argument revolves around how far the right to immunity of MEPs extends, with Junqueras’ lawyer arguing that his client enjoyed immunity from prosecution from the moment he was elected to the European Parliament.

ALSO READ: Junqueras: ‘They’ve suspended us in Spain but they won’t be able to in Europe’

However, the prosecutor says that immunity is only applicable once individuals have gone through all the procedures required to take up their seats, culminating in Strasbourg on 2 July with the first plenary session of the new EU term.

Former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont and his former minister Toni Comín, who are both in exile, are in a similar position, with the seats of all three of the new MEPs declared vacant by Spain’s electoral authority.

ALSO READ: Tajani: ‘It’s Spain’s problem’ that MEP seats not filled

Meanwhile, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, who was Prime Minister of Spain between 2004 and 2011, told RAC1 radio station on Tuesday that he briefly spoke to Junqueras over the phone before the trial in the Supreme Court began.

Rodríguez Zapatero said Junqueras argued for dialogue on the independence issue, declaring himself an ‘advocate for dialogue and understanding’. The former prime minister added that he would speak to Junqueras again should the opportunity arise.

ALSO READ: Lawyer seeks ‘motion of censure’ against Spain at UN Human Rights Council

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