18th August 2019
The 'Valley of the Fallen'
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Supreme Court provisionally suspends Franco’s exhumation

Spain’s Supreme Court has unanimously decided to provisionally suspend the exhumation of the remains of the dictator Francisco Franco, which was to be carried out on 10 June, whilst the court considers an appeal from his family against the move.

Spain’s Socialist (PSOE) government had planned to move the remains on Monday from the ‘Valley of the Fallen‘, an opulent mausoleum near Madrid to a more discreet state-run pantheon, but the plans have been fiercely resisted by Franco’s heirs and many on the right.

ALSO READ: Spotlight: ‘When you attack Franco, you attack over half of Spain’

The court said in a statement it had ‘decided unanimously’ to suspend the exhumation to avoid ‘harm’ that could be caused if a court ultimately ruled that his remains should not have been moved and they would have to be returned to the mausoleum where they currently rest.

The 'Valley of the Fallen'
The ‘Valley of the Fallen’, viewed from the esplanade.

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has made the exhumation of Franco’s remains a priority of his government since he took office in June 2018.

ALSO READ: Franco Foundation to appeal dictator’s exhumation

His plans have revived tensions dating back to Spain’s civil war in the 1930s and the subsequent four decades of Franco’s rule which ended when he died in 1975.

Franco’s tomb currently lies in a huge hillside mausoleum belonging to the Catholic Church in the ‘Valley of the Fallen’, west of Madrid.

ALSO READ: Sánchez: Franco mausoleum cannot be ‘place of reconciliation’

The imposing basilica has drawn the attention of both tourists and rightwing sympathisers who have rallied there for demonstrations.

Carved into a mountainside and topped by a vast 150-metre cross, the mausoleum is a deeply-divisive symbol of a past that Spain still finds difficult to digest.

It was built by Franco’s regime between 1940 and 1959, using forced labour by political prisoners.

The site also houses the remains of some 37,000 victims from both sides of the civil war, which was triggered by Franco’s rebellion against an elected Republican government.

ALSO READ: Spanish artist defaces Franco tomb

 

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