24th April 2019
Oriol Junqueras
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Jailed leaders to defend ‘legitimacy’ of referendum

The Catalan political leaders in jail are ready to defend the ‘legitimacy’ of the 1 October 2017 independence referendum and will not hide the fact that it was they who organised it.

That is what the former ministers Oriol Junqueras and Raül Romeva said in an interview with the Catalan newspaper Nació Digital from the prison where they are waiting for their trial.

One of the arguments they say they will use in their defense is that calling referendums was decriminalized in Spain in 2005.

Former foreign minister Romeva said that they will cite the two Quebec independence referendums and the Canadian Supreme Court reaction as an example.

In the interview, Romeva also claimed that the prosecuted politicians will highlight that the real crime is prohibiting such a vote.

Oriol Junqueras
Catalan deposed vice president Oriol Junqueras arrives at the National Court in Madrid on 2 November 2017 to be questioned over his efforts to spearhead Catalonia’s independence drive. (Gabriel Bouys / AFP)

The leaders will also argue that the solution to the Catalonia–Spain crisis should come from politics and not the courts.

‘Jailing us will not only fail to make the problem disappear, but with our appearances before the court we will put a focus on the conflict that is necessary,’ said Romeva.

Junqueras, the former Catalan vice president, said in another interview, with Italian newspaper La Stampa that he expects he will ‘probably’ be sentenced to prison, but that it won’t make him give up his desire for independence.

He also repeated some of Romeva’s arguments. ‘Ultimately I am happy, as I will be able to explain to Spaniards and Europeans that we have not committed any crime and that organising a referendum is not punishable in the penal code.’

In a further interview with the online POLITICO Europe, Oriol Junqueras said that ‘in a democracy, no one should end up in jail for putting out ballot boxes.’

In total, nine people are in pre-trial jail for their role in Catalonia’s push for independence, including six former ministers, two activists, and the former parliament speaker that allowed a vote on independence to take place.

The public prosecutor requested a total of 177 years in jail for pro-independence leaders, with a single prison sentence of 25 years for ex-vice president Oriol Junqueras.

The sensitive trial is likely to start at the end of January or early February – more than a year after Catalan leaders in the northeastern region attempted to break away from Spain in October 2017 by staging the referendum despite a court ban.

They subsequently proclaimed independence but Spain’s then conservative government moved swiftly to depose the Catalan executive, dissolve the regional parliament and call snap local elections in December.

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