Updated in Spain on Monday 1 June at 18h. Updated as new measures announced.
Latest figures: Coronavirus in Spain figures (1 June)
From today, Monday 1 June, around 70% of the Spanish population is in Phase Two of Spain’s four-phase de-escalation of lockdown restrictions.
Spain’s four phases to lift lockdown restrictions – plus each region’s current status
This overall report contains full details of what is permitted in each phase of Spain’s lockdown de-escalation plans, including the ‘phase status’ for each region. The report is divided into four sections:
- ‘Four Phase’ plan – introduction
- The ‘phase status’ for each region – plus latest updates
- Rules and measures for each phase, regularly updated
- ‘State of alarm’ in Spain to date, plus latest travel restrictions
1. ‘Four Phase’ plan – introduction
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez announced his government’s ‘Plan for the Transition towards a new normality’ following the Coronavirus pandemic on Tuesday 28 April. It is currently taking place over four phases.
The prime minister said the plan to relax the restrictions would be ‘gradual, flexible and adaptive’. The de-escalation to ‘a new normality’ officially started on Monday 4 May and will last eight weeks, until the end of June.
On 20 May, the Spanish Congress voted to extend the ‘state of alarm’ for a fifth time until 7 June. The ‘state of alarm’ is in place whilst the country also continues with the plan of lifting lockdown restrictions. Sánchez has now announced that he is seeking a sixth and final two-week extension of the ‘state of alarm’ until 21 June (Please see our report of 31 May: Pedro Sánchez seeks final, ‘lighter’ extension to ‘state of alarm’)
It is expected that further measures to lift restrictions will be proposed to those currently listed below for all phases, depending on each region of Spain.
The four phase de-escalation measures depend on the on-going progress across the different regions of Spain to combat Coronavirus.
Each region of Spain needs to meet specific epidemiological criteria and the lifting of restrictions depends on the ability to maintain sufficient capacity in intensive care unit facilities, in case there is a sudden increase of infections again.
Each region also needs to have the ability to carry out PCR tests on all suspected cases, as well as being able to isolate them and test all their contacts.
The government’s original plan was that each phase of the de-escalation would last for approximately two weeks. Phase Zero started on Monday 4 May. Phase One started on Monday 11 May for many regions and provinces. Phase Two started on Monday 25 May.
Phase Three is expected to start from around 8 June for most regions (some islands are already in Phase Three – see below).
The ‘new normality’ in Spain is expected from 25 June.
The central Health Ministry in Madrid, ‘in coordination with the regions’, has the final decision on when each of Spain’s regions and provinces can move to a new phase.
Each regional government has to send proposals to the health ministry in order to determine whether it can move to a next phase. The ministry studies the applications and then announces its decision.
In section 3 below, we summarise the main measures that are being relaxed across Spain during each phase. We update this information as and when any new measures are officially announced.
2. The ‘Phase Status’ for each Region
Spain has 17 Autonomous Communities (regions), each with its own ‘regional’ government. These regions are divided into provinces (although some regions are ‘one province’ regions). Each province is further divided into municipalities, each with its own local council.
If the Health Ministry states that citizens can only move within their province during the relaxing of restrictions (for example, during Phase One), it means between the municipalities of that province and not across the whole region.
Some of the restrictions are also being lifted for different healthcare zones. Unfortunately, we are unable to provide all details for your own precise area. Readers should check with their local authorities for further information on what is permitted and when, as the enforcement of measures might differ from one municipality to the next. This is specifically the case for coastal regions, and access to the beach.
Above all, please stay safe. And please don’t forget to support us by clicking here!
Latest ‘Phase Status’ for each Region
The Madrid region is in Phase One (since Monday 25 May).
Madrid is the region that has been hit the worst by the Coronavirus pandemic. Figures (21 May) show there have been 67,049 confirmed cases in the Madrid region, and where 8,931 people have died.
Madrid had requested to move to Phase One for the whole region from Monday 11 May – and then again from Monday 18 May. On both occasions the permission was not granted.
The issue became a political one – also see our report of 16 May.
The Madrid regional government, which is controlled by the right-wing People’s Party (PP) in coalition with the centre-right Ciudadanos (Cs) has filed an appeal with Spain’s Supreme Court to investigate why the Health Ministry twice denied Madrid’s request to move to Phase One.
The health regions of Camp de Tarragona, the western Pyreness (Alt Pirineu i Aran) and the Ebre region (Terres de l’Ebre) in Catalonia are in Phase Two (since Monday 25 May).
The healthcare zones of Girona, Catalunya Central, Garraf and Alt Penedés are in Phase Two from Monday 1 June.
The area of Lleida remains in Phase One.
Barcelona city and its metropolitan areas also remain in Phase One. However, whilst still in Phase One, movement of citizens is allowed between the three separate healthcare zones of Barcelona and its two metropolitan areas (north and south) from Monday 1 June.
ALSO READ: Barcelona enjoys Phase One, with parts of Catalonia in Phase Two (published 26 May).
Further details (in English) of how Barcelona city is adapting urban spaces and re-opening establishments during the relaxing of lockdown restrictions, plus all details about the rules concerning its beaches, can be found on the City Council’s website by clicking here.
The Catalan government’s plans have been to focus on moving healthcare zones through each phase, rather than overall provinces. This was permitted by the Health Ministry.
Figures released on 20 May show that Catalonia has registered a total of 55,888 cases of Coronavirus (tested via PCR) – and where 6,021 people have died.
The Basque Country has three provinces – Álava, Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa.
The entire Basque Country is in Phase Two (since Monday 25 May).
The Basque authorities and are also planning to reopen schools for last-year students of secondary education as well as post-secondary students.
Figures (21 May) show there have been 13,421 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in the Basque Country and where 1,483 people have died.
Andalusia has eight provinces. The provinces of Almería, Córdoba, Cádiz, Huelva, Jaén and Seville moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May.
Málaga and Granada are in Phase Two from Monday 1 June.
Figures (21 May) show there have been 12,547 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Andalusia and where 1,375 people have died.
The Andalusian government has also called upon the Spanish government to remove the 14-day quarantine restrictions for travellers arriving in the country (see part 4 below – ‘state of alarm’ and travel restrictions).
Valencia region has three provinces – Valencia, Castellón and Alicante. The entire region is in Phase Two from Monday 1 June.
ALSO READ: Valencia in English weekly round-up (31 May)
Figures (21 May) show that there have been 10,987 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in the Valencia region, and where 1,383 people have died.
ALSO READ: Welcome to ‘Valencia in English’
Galicia has four provinces – Lugo, La Coruña, Ourense and Pontevedra. The whole region of Galicia moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May.
Figures (21 May) show that there have been 9,077 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Galicia, and where 608 people have died.
Castilla y León
Castilla y León has nine provinces – León, Burgos, Salamanca, Zamora, Soria, Valladolid, Palencia, Ávila and Segovia. The whole region moved to Phase One from Monday 25 May.
Castilla y León had also proposed that the decisions to move phases should be decided by healthcare zones. 26 zones (out of a total of 247) had first moved to Phase One on Monday 11 May. A further 42 healthcare zones moved to Phase One from Monday 18 May.
The area of Bierzo in Castilla y León moves to Phase Two on 1 June.
Figures (21 May) show that there have been 18,627 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Castilla y León, and where 1,960 people have died.
Castilla La Mancha
Castilla La Mancha has five provinces – Guadalajara, Ciudad Real, Cuenca, Toledo and Albacete.
The less populated provinces of Cuenca and Guadalajara moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Ciudad Real, Toledo and Albacete move to Phase Two on Monday 1 June.
Figures (21 May) show that there have been 16,789 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Castilla La Mancha, and where 2,919 people have died.
Canary Islands has two provinces – Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
The islands of La Gomera, El Hierro and La Graciosa in the Canary Islands moved to Phase Three on Monday 1 June. All other areas in the Canary Islands remain in Phase Two.
Figures (21 May) show there have been 2,307 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in the Canary Islands, and where 155 people have died.
Murcia is a ‘one province region’. It moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 1,570 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Murcia and where 149 people have died.
Aragón has three provinces – Zaragoza, Huesca and Teruel. All provinces of Aragón moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 5,588 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Aragón and where 848 people have died.
Balearic Islands is a ‘one province region’, with four islands. The island of Formentera in the Balearic Islands moves to Phase Three from Monday 1 June. Mallorca, Ibiza and Menorca remain in Phase Two (since Monday 25 May). Figures (21 May) show there have been 2,024 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in the Balearic Islands (8 new cases in 24hrs), and where 221 people have died.
Extremadura has two provinces – Badajoz and Cáceres. All of Extremadura moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 3,042 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Extremadura and where 505 people have died.
Asturias is a ‘one province region’. It moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 2,374 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Asturias and where 307 people have died.
Navarra is a ‘one province region’. It moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 5,195 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Navarra and where 506 people have died.
Cantabria is a ‘one province region’. It moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 2,279 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Cantabria and where 209 people have died.
La Rioja is a ‘one province region’. It moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there have been 4,033 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in La Rioja and where 354 people have died.
Ceuta and Melilla
The cities of Ceuta and Melilla located in North Africa are also both ‘one province regions’. They both moved to Phase Two on Monday 25 May. Figures (21 May) show there are 119 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in Ceuta, and where 4 people have died. Melilla has 121 confirmed cases, and where 2 people have died.
3. The rules for each phase
Rules that still apply from Phase Zero
To download a full PDF (in Spanish) of all the measures for Phase Zero published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE), please click here.
No area of Spain currently remains in Phase Zero – which was the ‘preparation phase’ for the de-escalation. It had also included allowing children out for daily walks and exercise from Sunday 26 April – and adults being allowed out for daily walks and exercise from Saturday 2 May.
Certain rules introduced during Phase Zero and the overall ‘state of alarm’ in Spain still apply:
Face masks & public transport
From Monday 4 May, it initially became compulsory to wear face masks on all public transport in Spain.
From Thursday 21 May, it then became compulsory to wear face masks in Spain in closed spaces (including shops and stores), as well as on the street and in public places, if a 2-metre ‘social distance’ cannot be maintained.
For the full details of the rules for wearing face masks, and exemptions to the rule, please see our separate report: Face masks compulsory in closed space and outside if not at 2-metre distance.
On public transport where all passengers have to be seated, no more than half of the seats should be occupied. On buses, the row directly behind the driver must remain empty.
On buses and metro carriages with standing space, the rule is that only half of seats may be used and there should only be a maximum of two standing riders per square metre.
People are allowed to travel in a private vehicle with other people they live with in order to make purchases or visit establishments permitted to be open in the area they live in, and according to the phase that it is in.
Vehicles (with the capacity) are permitted to be occupied by up to nine people. However, If the occupants of a vehicle do not live together, a limit of one person in each row of seats applies, and they will have to wear face masks.
Time slots for walks & physical exercise
During Phase Zero, the government set time slots for when citizens could take walks in towns with over 5,000 residents (now changed to over 10,000 residents). Physical exercise (jogging, cycling, skating) was also allowed during set time periods, as long as it was practised ‘individually’.
Officially these time slots remain in place during Phase One in order to avoid crowds carrying out these activities – although some provinces have been relaxing the restrictions; please check with your local area.
During Phase One, in areas where it is permitted to visit establishments that are open (some shops, as well as restaurants and bars with terraces open at 50% capacity, for example), the time slots do not apply.
Please note that some regions have changed the time slots for when for children’s walks are permitted during Phase One, to avoid the hottest hours of the day. Children under the age of 14 can officially go outside between 12pm and 7pm during Phase One – as was the case during Phase Zero. From Thursday 28 May in Madrid (currently in Phase One), for example, this will change to between 10am and 1pm, and from 5pm to 9pm. The rest of the time slots – 6am to 10am and 8pm to 11pm for adults, and 10am to 12pm and 7pm to 8pm for senior citizens remain the same.
#UPDATE The Spanish government has now lifted the lockdown rules (from Wednesday 27 May) on exercise and walks for areas in Phase Two. Please see below.
Most beaches remained closed in Spain during Phase Zero, except for walking and running on the sand. Some coastal municipalities allowed people to swim, and use paddle and surfboards, as well as kayaks. The rules are different for each coastal region and municipality during Phase One and Phase Two. Please check with your local authorities.
New Rules for towns with up to 10,000 residents
Time slots for going for walks or exercise in towns with up to less than 10,000 residents have been removed. The rules were previously exempt for municipalities with less than 5,000 residents.
What you can do in a Phase One area
To download a full PDF (in Spanish) of all the updated measures for Phase One that have been published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE), please click here.
Here is also a link to a 24-page PDF (in Spanish) from the Spanish Health Ministry, providing all the guidelines for Phase One.
Please note that regional governments have adapted some of these measures for their own specific areas:
The key measures for Phase One are summarised as follows:
- Up to 10 people can meet for social gatherings, either outside or in someone’s home (also at restaurant and bar terraces – see below), but social distancing measures must be respected between people who do not already live together
- Small businesses can open and serve customers, as long as health and social distancing measures are in place
- Restaurants, bars and cafés can open their outside terraces at 50% capacity
- Hotels and tourist accommodation can open, but communal areas must remain closed
- Places of worship can open at 30% capacity
- Non-professional sports are allowed for activities not involving physical contact or use of changing room facilities
- Outdoor markets can operate but the stalls must be set out with spacing between
- Cultural events for up to 30 people can be held indoors at 30% of the venue’s capacity
- Cultural events for up to 200 people can be held outdoors
- Museums can open at 30% capacity
- Funerals can be held with ‘limited numbers’ of mourners
- Timetables for taking walks and doing physical exercise remain in place to avoid crowds, although the regions will adapt them according to factors such as hot weather. We understand that people are allowed to visit establishments that are reopening at other times. This was already in place for certain shops and services (hairdressers, hardware stores etc) opening up for customers by appointment only
- Rural tourism (possibly forest walks and trekking) is also permitted during this period, yet it should be in limited groups and with the same social distancing measures for people who do not live together
- It is still compulsory to wear face masks on all public transport in Spain, whatever phase the region or province is in. It is also now compulsory (since 21 May) to wear face masks in Spain in closed spaces (including shops and stores), as well as on the street and in public places, if a 2-metre ‘social distance’ cannot be maintained (see above).
- The BOE also recommends that people continue to work from home where possible. If at a workplace, there should be a distance of two metres between employees. Arriving and leaving should be staggered.
Please also note:
- The official measures are that citizens must not travel from province to province, but travel within a province or healthcare zone is allowed.
- Whilst travelling within a province that is in Phase One, people are allowed to travel in a private vehicle with other people they live with and without restrictions. Vehicles (with the capacity) will be permitted to be occupied by up to nine people. However, If the occupants of a vehicle do not live together, a limit of one person in each row of seats applies, and they will have to wear face masks.
- Journeys in private vehicles within a province can be made for any of the activities permitted above (ie, they do not need to be only for essential items)
- Journeys to second residences and hotels are also allowed, providing they are in the same province. If they are in a different province, trips will not be allowed until towards the end of June.
Phase Two – started Monday 25 May
Pedro Sánchez referred to Phase Two as the ‘intermediate phase’. It started on Monday 25 May.
To download a full PDF (in Spanish) of all the updated measures for Phase Two that have been published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE), please click here.
Here is also a link to a 29-page PDF (in Spanish) from the Spanish Health Ministry, providing all the guidelines for Phase Two.
#UPDATE: The government has now lifted the lockdown rules (from Wednesday 27 May) on exercise and walks for areas in Phase Two. This is in effect to formalise what many families have been doing anyway.
From Wednesday 27 May, children living in Phase Two areas are able to go outside as many times as they wish, and without any restrictions on the time spent outside. Social distancing measures must still be maintained.
The new government order now lifts restrictions for both children and adults. All are allowed to go out for walks and practise individual sports (jogging, cycling), in any part of their province, island or healthcare zone, with no limit on time or distance. It also means that anyone living in a Phase Two area can also go to the countryside or trekking, as long as they remain within their province or healthcare zone.
There is still a time slot reserved for senior citizens from 10am to 12pm, and 7pm to 8pm. Each region can move this schedule by up to two hours to avoid the high temperatures. We have not received reports, however, that under-70s have not been allowed to exercise during these same times. We understand ‘common sense’ should prevail but please also check with your local authorities. At all times, social distancing must be maintained – and the wearing of face masks (see above) where 2-metre distancing is not possible.
Residents in Phase Two areas are able to go for walks and take exercise with up to 15 other people, including both parents in the case of families with children. But those who do not live together must maintain safe distances and hygiene measures.
What you can do in a Phase Two area
- For walking and physical exercise – all citizens under the age of 70 can take walks and exercise during the day (as updated above). The time slot of 10am to 12 noon and 7-8pm is supposed to be reserved for people aged over 70.
- Up to 15 people can now meet for social gatherings, either outside or in someone’s home (also at restaurant and bar terraces – see below), but social distancing measures should still be respected between people who do not already live together.
- Up to 20 people can participate in nature tourism activities together.
- Citizens are allowed to move freely within their province (or island), including to their second homes.
- Shops and stores can open independently of their size, but with capacity limited to 40%. There should also be priority timetables for the over 65s.
- Restaurant and bars can now re-open their interior dining areas, apart from nightclubs and music bars, provided capacity is limited to 40%. Eating inside can only take place if sitting at a table, or groups of tables, and ideally via prior appointment. Self-service at a bar is not permitted. Terraces for cafés and restaurants will continue at 50% of capacity.
- Open-air markets are allowed with a third of normal stands.
- Hotels and tourist accommodations can re-open their common areas, provided capacity is kept to 30%.
- Cinemas, theatres, auditoriums and culture venues can re-open, provided that seats are pre-assigned and capacity is limited to 30%.
- Open-air concerts are allowed, but the public must be seated, observing social distancing, with capacity at 30% and limited to 400 people
- Places of worship can have 50% capacity.
- Funerals can take place with a limit of 25 people if outside, and 15 people in closed spaces.
Whilst schools across Spain will officially not open again until September, Sánchez also said that from Phase Two of the easing of lockdown measures, some institutions might be able to open to host some face-to-face activities with students. Again, this will depend upon the progress of each region.
The activities could include ‘reinforcement lessons’, students sitting university entrance exams, as well as ensuring that children under the age of six can go to school if parents have to go to work and have no one to leave their children with.
Where students do attend schools during Phase Two, the groups will be limited to a maximum of 15 students.
Phase Three – from 8 June (for most regions)
Phase Three is expected to commence from 8 June for most regions.
Some islands in the Canary Islands (see above) and Formentera in the Balearic Islands are in Phase Three from Monday 1 June.
On Saturday 30 May, the Spanish government published in its Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) the full details of all the measures for Phase Three.
Phase Three is the final phase and sees further measures relaxed before the ‘new normality’, as well as allowing more flexible and free movement across Spain and between regions. The use of face masks will remain recommended for all citizens.
All previous establishments above that had been allowed to open with a third capacity during the previous phases could now be able to increase to 50% capacity, depending on the overall progress in combating the pandemic.
Retail shops could also be allowed to start reopening at 50% capacity.
Outdoor cultural events could now be held with a maximum of 800 people – yet still only seated and with social distancing measures in place. Concert halls and other venues could be allowed to reopen, at a third capacity.
Rural tourism and coastal walks could be further relaxed.
Beaches could finally reopen during this phase (as well as hotel communal areas, such as swimming pools) depending on the region and province. It is expected that security, health and on-going social distancing measures will still be put in place.
4. ‘State of alarm’ in Spain to date, plus travel restrictions
On Wednesday 20 May the Spanish Congress voted to extend the current ‘state of alarm’ in in the country until 7 June.
Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez has now announced that he is seeking a sixth and final two-week extension of the ‘state of alarm’ until 21 June (Please see our report of 31 May: Pedro Sánchez seeks final, ‘lighter’ extension to ‘state of alarm’)
Spain originally commenced its lockdown for two weeks from 14 March, with measures that confined everyone to their homes apart from leaving to purchase food or medication, or to go to their place of work only if they could not perform their duties from home. After one week, these initial measures were then extended until 12 April, for a second time until 26 April, a third time until 9 May – and then for the fourth time until 23 May.
During the overall lockdown period, from Monday 30 March until after Easter, further measures were introduced ordering all non-essential workers in Spain to also remain at home. Following the Easter break, industrial and construction workers, as well as non-essential employees in sectors where working from home wasn’t possible, started a gradual return to work.
When the Spanish Congress had voted to extend the ‘state of alarm’ until 9 May, it also came with the relaxation of some restrictions, specifically allowing children aged up to 14 the opportunity to take daily walks for an hour from Sunday 26 April, after 43 days confined at home.
From Saturday 2 May – after 48 days in confinement – adults across Spain also were allowed out to walk and exercise during set time slots.
The four-phase de-escalation plan (as above) then officially commenced from Monday 4 May.
Travel restrictions & 14-day quarantine for international arrivals
International travellers arriving to Spain will have to self-quarantine for 14 days, according to a new order published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) by the Interior Ministry.
The order came into effect on Friday 15 May. It will remain in place during of the ‘state of alarm’, currently due to end on 7 June. However, if the ‘state of alarm’ is extended further, then the quarantine restrictions would continue.
During 14 days, international travellers arriving in Spain will have to stay at home or wherever they are due to lodge, and their movements will be limited to basic activities only, such as buying necessary products, for health reasons, or force majeure.
Those crossing the border into Spain will also be obliged to wear a face mask and comply with all hygiene and safety measures.
Cross-border workers, freight drivers, cargo workers, transport crew, diplomatic staff and health workers are to be excluded from this rule, as long as they have not been in contact with anyone diagnosed with Coronavirus.
All travel agencies and transport companies need to inform their clients of these measures before confirming the sale of tickets to Spain. Airlines will need to hand forms to passengers for details of where they will be staying, and these will have to be completed by travellers to Spain on arrival.
The order in the BOE also still restricts the entry to ports and airports to Spanish nationals, residents in Spain, and those who arrive for work reasons.
ALSO SEE (23 March): The new restrictions at Spain’s airports, ports and land borders
These restrictions come on top of those previously adopted at land borders with France and Portugal and the restrictions on the entry of travellers at external borders (originating in countries from outside the Schengen area) at ports and airports.
The Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) states that from midnight on 15 May, only the following may come into ‘national territory at internal borders through ports and airports’:
- Spanish citizens.
- Residents in Spain, accrediting their primary residence.
- Cross-border workers.
- Healthcare professionals or those who look after the elderly to exercise their labour activity.
- Those people who can show documentary evidence of causes of force majeure or a situation of need.
Foreigners duly accredited as members of a diplomatic mission or those who come to Spain on ‘exclusively work-related grounds, provided that they can show documentary evidence’, may also gain access through these borders.
Furthermore, it states, in order to ensure the continuity of economic activity and to preserve the supply chain, these measures will not apply to ‘the transport of goods, including the crew of maritime vessels, in order to guarantee the provision of maritime transport services and fishing activity, and the aircraft personnel necessary to carry out commercial air transport activities’.
Click here for all our previous reports on: Coronavirus in Spain